IUI is when the sperm is processed (or washed) and then placed inside the uterus. This method sometimes gives the sperm a head start to where they need to go and increase the chance of getting pregnant. The timing of IUI is very important. It has to be done when you are ovulating, or there is no chance at all of you getting pregnant.
How successful is IUI? The answer to that question is more complicated than you might think. The success of IUI depends on what you and your partner’s fertility problems consist of, and of course, your age. If your infertility is related to ovulation problems, endometriosis, or is unexplained, then IUI might be a good course of treatment for you. Same if your infertility is related to a mild problem with your guy or his sperm.
However, if your infertility is related to a severe problem with your guy or his sperm, IUI might not be as effective. IUI is also not helpful if both fallopian tubes are blocked, or if you have severe endometriosis or pelvic scarring. In these cases, your doctor will usually recommend IVF for these issues.
The IUI success rates vary depending on what your particular fertility problems are, among other things. For women with mild fertility problems who are under 35, the success rates are obviously higher. For older women who have severe fertility problems or unexplained infertility, the success rates are lower. The success rates also vary depending on what your doctor decides is best for you.
IUI without any fertility drugs in combination with it has a lower success rate than IUI combined with fertility drugs. The general rule is that couples who try IUI with no drug stimulation have between a five and twenty percent chance of getting pregnant with each IUI cycle. If fertility drugs are also used, the chance of getting pregnant with each cycle is around twenty percent.
While twenty percent might not sound like a huge chance, if you were previously unable to get pregnant, a twenty percent chance sounds pretty darn good! Plus, given the fact that IUI is very safe and doesn’t usually have a ton of side effects, it can be a pretty great option for a lot of couples. Talk with your doctor if you think IUI might be a great choice for you.