What Causes Leukocytes in Urine in Pregnancy?

What are the Causes of Leukocytes in the Urine in Pregnancy?

The confirmation of pregnancy begins with a urine examination and the urine testing will continue throughout your pregnancy. Every time you go to the doctor during your pregnancy, he will conduct a urine test. Urine tests are important because they will let the doctor know whether urine consists of leukocytes or what are commonly known as the white blood cells. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

The appearance of white blood cells in urine is not normal. It is usually seen in women who complain of inflammation during urination. The reasons behind the appearance of leukocytes in the urine during pregnancy are manifold. Some of them have been mentioned and explained as follows.

Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection or a UTI is the most common cause of the presence of leukocytes in the urine during pregnancy. The reason behind this is that pregnant women are more susceptible to urinary tract infections than those who are not pregnant.

There is a pretty clear explanation for this. Throughout your pregnancy the baby continues to grow and the pressure on the bladder increases. As a result even though the volume of the bladder is increased, the tone of the bladder is suppressed.

This is the reason why you feel constipated at times during pregnancy. Emptying your bladder completely during pregnancy is nothing short of an ordeal. Some of the fecal matter still remains in the bladder and this becomes the breeding ground for many bacteria. They thrive in your bladder and this leads to urinary tract infections. As a result you can detect leukocytes in the urine.

Kidney Infection

Urinary tract infections must be treated right away. If they are not treated, the kidneys also may be infected. Such infection of the kidneys is termed as pyelonephritis and even this infection can cause leukocytes to appear in your urine.

When your kidneys get infected, you will start vomiting. You will feel very nauseous and you will have high fever. Additionally, you will experience pain in your sides and your lower back. The infection must be treated right away to avoid complications such as premature membrane ruptures and premature labor.

The infection can be treated using antibiotics. This infection is the reason why many pregnant women are hospitalized.

Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

Asymptomatic bacteriuria is the condition in which a number of bacteria start multiplying in the urinary tract and show no symptoms at all. “Asymptomatic” means no symptoms. This can be detected through a urine test because your urine will show the presence of leukocytes if you are suffering from asymptomatic bacteriuria. You should have it treated right away using antibiotics because if you leave it untreated, it can lead to numerous complications.

Stay clean

There are many other cases in which leukocytes appear in the urine. Sometimes, vaginal secretions and urine get mixed together and this may show the presence of leukocytes in the urine. It is important that you keep your vaginal area clean at all times, especially during pregnancy. You should wipe it clean using a hygienic wipe so that you avoid bacterial development. Don’t touch the cup to the vagina while collecting. This will avoid the mixing of vaginal secretions with the urine.

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Dr. Christine Lee, MD
Dr. Christine Lee, MD | ConceiveEasy
Dr. Christine Lee earned her Ph.D. in Developmental Biology and Master of Science in Biomolecular Organization. Dr. Lee is Lab Director for ConceiveEasy and is board certified as a High Complexity Laboratory Director (HCLD).