Top 10 Pregnancy Complications

on Oct 11, 2013

by Dr. Christine Lee, MD

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10 Common Pregnancy Complications

Are you pregnant? Find out the top 10 pregnancy complications that you may experience, and what to do about them.

Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia affects about five percent of women during their pregnancies. If you have high blood pressure and protein in your urine after twenty weeks of pregnancy, that is when you are diagnosed with Preeclampsia. There is no cure for Preeclampsia, aside from the delivery of the baby. Most women who have it near the end of their pregnancies either deliver early, or are carefully monitored by their doctor to prevent complications. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

Preterm Labor

Many women experience preterm labor in the weeks leading up to the birth of their baby. Contractions or labor before 37 weeks gestation are considered to be preterm. About 12 percent of all babies born in the USA are born prematurely. However, technological advances have made it possible for babies to survive when they are born early. The earlier a baby is born, the greater the risk of health complications.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is just what it sounds like, diabetes during pregnancy. It is also extremely common. Somewhere around ten percent of moms to be develop gestational diabetes, and the condition is so common that blood glucose screenings are a normal part of pregnancy checkups. Most women are able to keep their gestational diabetes under control during pregnancy with diet and exercise, but if they don’t, they are at a greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life, and their babies might also have health risks as well.

Low Amniotic Fluid

Another common pregnancy complication is low amniotic fluid. Too little fluid is known as oligohydramnios, and around four percent of pregnant women have this complication. If the case is severe, a woman will be induced and will have to give birth early.

Rh Negative Disease

RH Negative Disease is what happens when a mother has an rH negative blood type, and the baby has an rH positive blood type. The mother’s antibodies can actually begin to attack the baby, since it is perceived as a disease, or a threat. Doctors can give women a medication to prevent rH negative disease from occurring, and then give another dose at birth if the baby is still at risk.

Low Birth Weight

Low birth weight is another very common pregnancy complication. Sometimes, low birth weight is caused by preterm labor and delivery. Other reasons for low birth weight include drug and alcohol abuse by the mother, tobacco use by the mother, poor diet and poor prenatal care, or the effects of an STD or other contagious disease. Babies who have low birth weights will have to remain in the hospital after birth until they are well enough to come home.

Placenta Previa

Placenta Previa is a condition in which the placenta is lying too low in the uterus, and is either next to or blocking the cervix. Usually, placenta previa clears up on it’s own during early pregnancy. However, if the placenta is still blocking the cervix when the due date comes near, it becomes a potentially life threatening problem. It can cause bleeding, and the mother will have to deliver via c-section. Actress Tori Spelling had placenta previa with her most recent pregnancy, and the condition was so severe in her case, Tori says it almost took her life.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Ectopic Pregnancy is considered a pregnancy complication, but it happens so early in pregnancy, that most women don’t even know they are pregnant yet. Ectopic pregnancies occur when the fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus. Ectopic pregnancies can be very painful and cause multiple health complications for the mother. Even worse, there is no way to transplant a ectopic pregnancy, so ending the pregnancy is the only option.

Group B Strep

Group B strep (not to be confused with Strep Throat, or Group A Strep) is the leading cause of infections in newborns. Doctors can detect Group B Strep through a culture done during pregnancy. This condition can either be treated during pregnancy or after the baby is born.

Gestational Hypertension

Gestational Hypertension, or high blood pressure during pregnancy, is extremely common. It occurs in about 1 in every 10-20 pregnancies. Chronic Hypertension and Preeclampsia are both common causes of gestational hypertension. Gestational Hypertension is usually easily managed and the symptoms usually go away after the baby is born.

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Top 10 Pregnancy Complications, 5.0 out of 5 based on 5 ratings

Dr. Christine Lee earned her Ph.D. in Developmental Biology and Master of Science in Biomolecular Organization. Dr. Lee is Lab Director for ConceiveEasy and is board certified as a High Complexity Laboratory Director (HCLD).

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