Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and Infertility

on Aug 05, 2012

Monica Scott, BS, RN

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STDs and Infertility

A sexually transmitted disease can affect your fertility. Make sure you & your partner are tested if you are having troubles conceiving, as there are many treatments available.

Your overall health and particularly the health of your reproductive system are extremely important when you are trying to conceive. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are not just nasty diseases that carry a social stigma, but they also affect your ability to get pregnant. Research has shown that about 1/4 of infertility cases are related to a previous STD. In fact, it has been estimated by the American Social Health Association that 15% of the women diagnosed with infertility have suffered tubal damage because of an STD. When STDs spread into your uterus and fallopian tubes, they cause inflammatory disease, which results in infertility or ectopic pregnancies. Furthermore, certain STDs may also lead to cervical cancer, seriously affecting fertility and compromising a woman’s health. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

STDs are very common

 

Contrary to what you may think, STDs are very common and 20 million cases are reported each year, with the actual number considered to be much higher than this. Some STDs go unnoticed because they have what is commonly known as silent symptoms. The fact that you are unable to get pregnant may lead you to discover that you are suffering from a STD. There are numerous STDs and all affect your reproductive system in different ways: Chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhea, or herpes may produce scarring of the fallopian tubes. Such scarring will then block the passage of egg and sperm and make you unable to conceive.

Get tested at preconception checkup

 

It is recommended that you will be tested for Chlamydia and gonorrhea at your preconception checkup in order to make sure that you are healthy and ready to conceive. These 2 STDs can affect fertility and your ability to conceive, but others such as herpes, hepatitis B, syphilis, papilloma virus, trichomonas vaginalis or crabs will not affect your fertility, except in cases of infections and uncommon side effects of treatment.

How STDs affect your fertility

 

While it is not the STD itself that may lead to infertility, the spread of the inflammation resulted from the infection will. If you are younger than 24 years old, you are more prone to contracting an STD because your cervix is not fully matured yet, so it is easier for the infections to pass through.

STDs become huge fertility threats when they are diagnosed late. Regular check-ups and open discussions with your sexual partner will prevent you from getting into the unfortunate situation of becoming infertile because of an STD that was left untreated. It is important that both partners are tested for STDs when they are preparing to conceive a baby; see this as a standard and highly necessary precaution rather than an embarrassing situation.

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Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and Infertility, 4.5 out of 5 based on 19 ratings

Ms. Scott joined ConceiveEasy after working in prenatal obstetrical care for two years in a private practice before being promoted to Director of Nursing. She has a strong interest in women's health with an emphasis on promoting fertility awareness.

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  • Samjackson

    I’ve been trying to get pregant for a year and a half now and it hasn’t been easy.I was pregant at 18 and miscarriage.I found out five months later that I had two stds,chylamida andi forgot the other. But now I think that maybe the cause of me not being able to get pregant.I also have a of track period so I’m unable to observe my ovaulation date.are ther any tips you can inform me of to get pregant.

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  • BandyBranchshaw

     You might want to get checked by a DR to make sure you are fine. STD’s can have long lasting affects on your body and you don’t want to risk your life or your unborn child’s life. I too have had chlamydia and it can cause issues to your health. Never hurts to get the test done. Best of luck to you and I hope you are well

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  • stacey_hilyard2259

    i been tring to get pregnat but it is not working

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  • Dr. Prabha Sahgal, MD

    Make sure you are in good health and have had a regular check up from your gynecologist. Untreated infections, sexually transmitted diseases, or poor health can affect your chances of getting pregnant. It is good to see a doctor as well as start taking prenatal vitamins prior to trying to conceive.

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  • GraceGarcia

    if i have had a std for a certain amount of tyme will ibe able to have kids

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  • Dr. Renee Hanton, MD

    Your capability to have children will depend on the extent of the STD you had. When a sexually transmitted disease (STD) is left untreated or diagnosed late, this can seriously impair fertility and the ability to conceive. Getting evaluated by your doctor as soon as possible for you to promptly receive any necessary treatment is crucial to prevent debilitating effects. You must perceive being open to your doctor about STDs as a necessary precaution and standard for pregnancy, rather than an opportunity for embarrassment, to spare you from unnecessary complications. 

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  • Dr. Prabha Sahgal, MD

    First thing that you could do is to receive treatment for your sexually transmitted disease (STD) as soon as possible before trying to conceive, for STD’s, when left untreated, can seriously impair fertility and can cause pregnancy complications. Tracking your cycles is also advisable to help identify your ovulation days, and therefore allow you to time intercourse on fertile days in order to get pregnant. Making certain healthy lifestyle changes does wonders to one’s fertility and health, and can therefore increasing your chances of conceiving. To gain insight about your current condition and treatment options, it would be best to talk to your doctor.

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  • alexiuslillian

    I’d had a std for about 2 to 3 years without knowing , I’ve received treatment but it’s very hard to conceive a child i just need to know if there is any chance i will be able to have a baby

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  • Maureen Stephens, RN

    As long as your sexually transmitted disease is properly treated; there is still a good chance for you to get pregnant. Knowing that some sexually transmitted diseases can be passed on from mother to child, it is best that you try to conceive after your STD has been successfully treated. It is important that you take necessary precautions when having sex to avoid your likelihood of acquiring sexually transmitted diseases again.

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  • Alex Mann

    Hi, when I was 19 I contracted an std from my partner at that time a short while after we had intercourse, about three and a half months later I went to my obgyn for my yearly checkup and found out that I had Trichomoniasis it was then treated and cured, I’m now 25 and married and my husband and I are ttc for almost 2 yrs now, I was wondering if the std from 6 yrs ago could’ve caused infertility problems for me now because it sat for three and a half months?

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  • ellissia

    I have herpes I take medciation but i cant get rid of it but the doctors say I can still have kids I been trying for 3 years now no luck if I use a conceive kit can I get pregnant

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  • gina

    Hi I had clymdia 2 times but I treated it right away what are the chances I can still get pregnant?

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  • Ashley

    So my husband was born with hepatitis b but his levels are low so he’s considered a inactive carrier does that affect his fertility

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  • WannaNow

    I had some kind of sti sickness when I was about 13 I had belly ache for 1 night and got treated straight away the next day n took all my medication for 2weeks . And after awhile had a partner who gave me std and I think I left untreated for awhile .. Now im 19 and I’m married now ii have one loving partner , I still have trachomis gave my partner we both went in got a check up were talked it over and were trying to have a baby after finishing all our medication properly . We both went for an std test now waiting next week for medication .. will I be able to have children 🙁 ??

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  • Nicole

    I am not sure how many times I’ve had an std, about 10-20 times. The reason behind the big number is that my partner went untreated, and continuously kept re-infecting me. I always had symptoms so I would treat the infection right away, but I think it’s too late for me to get pregnant or to relieve the symptoms. I’ve gone to the hospital 3 times this week with pelvic pain, and vaginal irritation, but they found no infection. I think I’m a “goner.” Am I?

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  • 20 and hopeless

    I have had 3 STDs in my life. The first was gonorrhea. I had it for 3months before I knew what it was. The second and third was clamydia and reinfected with gonorrhea when I was raped at 17. I also was on depot provera for 1 year. Has any of these things prevented me from getting pregnant. Never been pregnant before and tried with no luck

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  • Cecilia

    I’ve had a few STDs but they were immediately treated and cleared but I can’t seem to get pregnant I know I’m able to have kids because I have a son that I got pregnant with the first time I had sex

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  • Cassy

    Does anyone know the specific time frame where chylamida starts to affect your reproductive system and also how do you know how long you’ve had it?

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  • jalisa

    if i had gonorrhea and chlymida for 10months with out knowing and I finally get treated dose that means i have scarring my obgyn doctor put me on the depo so i can reales my eggs i took it twice and still taking it can i get pregnant

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