Sperm Donation Definition and Procedure

Sperm Donation Definition and Procedure

By definition, sperm donation implies that a man donates his sperm to be used to inseminate a woman, other than his sexual partner. Doing so, the man will become the biological father of all the children conceived using his sperm, whether you are having a baby girl or a baby boy, but, generally, depending on the laws that apply, he is not the legal father of the children. Here is how the whole process works. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

Anonymous donation

A man can donate sperm privately, through a sperm bank or sperm agencies. Becoming a sperm donor is not a simple task, and only five percent of the male applicants will meet the criteria to donate sperm.

Men who can’t donate

Among those who will not be allowed to donate sperm are men who have a family history of certain diseases, intravenous drugs users and homosexuals.

Second phase screening

Participants who do not match the above descriptions will move on to the second phase, where they will undergo a series of tests. They will be checked for infectious diseases like HIV, Hepatitis B and C and others; their semen will also be scanned for quality.

Interview on sexual behavior

After that, there will be some interviews regarding sexual behavior and the reason for participating in such a program. Another two tests are performed: one for Rh blood and the other, a genetic test for cystic fibrosis.

Taking the sperm

If the participant passes the second phase, the rest of the process is simple. The man goes into a private room where he can find materials to help him in the process, he masturbates and he ejaculates in a sterile container.

The sperm being stored

The sperm is taken from the sterile container, mixed up with a cryopreservative solution and then frozen and stored at -321 degrees Celsius.

The sperm thawed for future use

When needed, the sperm is thawed and prepared to be used in artificial insemination or intra-cervical insemination. Natural insemination is also possible, in some cases.

Usually, the donors choose to be anonymous, but there are cases when the donor’s offspring searched and finally found his biological father. The donation of sperm, in the long term, may have psychological implications on the conceived children.

For some of them, it is very important to find and know their biological fathers. On the other side, others may suffer a psychological trauma when learning about their conception. At a religious level, the donation of sperm is often debated and misunderstood. Catholicism vehemently opposes to it, because they think it destroys the idea of marital relationship. No matter the controversies, the fact is that sperm donation can bring joy to a lot of families.

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Maureen Stephens, BS, RN
Maureen Stephens, BS, RN | ConceiveEasy
Ms. Stephens has spent over twenty years in the healthcare world, specializing in obstretical and medical/surgical nursing. She joined ConceiveEasy as she has a strong interest in educating and empowering women and promoting fertility awareness.