Ovulation and Your Menstrual Cycle: Understanding the Basics

Ovulation and Your Menstrual Cycle: Understanding the Basics

What is ovulation?

When ovulation occurs in a woman’s body it is because of a mature egg being released from the ovaries, down through the fallopian tubes and into the uterus where it is ready to be fertilized by any sperm introduced during the small ovulation time frame.  Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

While this is happening, the uterus lining begins to thicken in preparation for the possibility of implantation of a fertilized egg. If the matured egg is fertilized the hormone levels of the body shift as the fertilized egg begins to develop within the uterus, developing into a beautiful, joyous baby in roughly 9 months.

What is menstruation?

If on the other hand, the egg isn’t fertilized, it and the thickened uterine lining begins to disintegrate to be flushed out of the body, which is more commonly known as menstruation.

Important facts about ovulation and menstruation

When an egg is released it usually lasts for roughly 24-30 hours, the time of ovulation, before it begins to break down in the uterus.

Usually one matured egg is released from the ovaries during each cycle, however occasionally women can release two eggs and this is the reason why women can become pregnant with fraternal twins.

Every woman is born with a finite amount of matured eggs in her ovaries, as the woman ages the eggs begin to dwindle in what is known as ovarian reserve and when there are no more matured eggs to released each cycle the woman enters into the menopausal stage of their life.

Ovulation and menstruation though usually tied together can happen without the occurrence of the other. A woman can experience ovulation, but not have a following menstruation even if the egg is not fertilized and vice versa.

The natural ovulation and menstrual cycle can be affected by both internal and external forces such as stress, diet/weight, an illness, etc.

Each woman has an individual monthly cycle, however the average monthly cycle for women is 28 days and they begin to ovulate roughly 14 days after the end of her menstruation, but this isn’t always the case.

Ovulation can occur once at different times during the ovulation cycle, sometimes starting in the early morning while other months starting in the afternoon or late evening.

The ovulation cycle is divided up into two parts: the follicular phase which begins on the last day of menstruation until the beginning of ovulation and the luteal phase which is from the day of ovulation until the beginning of menstruation.

ConceiveEasy TTC Kit + 20 FREE Pregnancy Tests

Alyssia Granger
Alyssia Granger | ConceiveEasy
Alyssia is mom to 2 giggley twin girls, Sophia and Emma, and son Hunter. She's a Southern girl, passionate about photography, travel and her husband Josh.