What are the Main Causes of Infertility for Men and Women?

What are the Main Causes of Infertility for Men and Women?

Infertility has become a very worrying issue in some countries, and the percentage of couples who are not able to have children is growing. After trying to conceive for one year or more, running medical tests or trying certain treatments, some women still do not manage to get pregnant or stay pregnant. However, it is not necessarily a woman’s problem. Either partner can have problems that make conceiving impossible. In fact, the percentage is about the same. Getting pregnant requires some crucial steps and if something occurs during the process, no fetus will develop in the woman’s womb. Checking what happens one step at a time may help in finding out what the problem is. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here!

What are the main causes of infertility?

This diagnostic is quite ravaging for those who have been trying to become parents for some time. The unfortunate situation happens when:

ovulation does not occur, so no egg is released from one ovary or the other;
the Fallopian tube is blocked for some reason, so the egg cannot travel to the uterus;
the quality of man’s sperm is poor, so there is no fertilization taking place;
the walls of the uterus cannot hold the egg inside.

Every one of these situations has a medical explanation and, fortunately, some of them are treatable. It is highly essential that both partners understand the importance of taking tests in order to find out where the problem truly is. They need to discover what has led to a certain situation in order to be provided with the right treatment.

Infertility in men

Sometimes, men are surprised to find out that they have reproduction problems, too. Some of the most common causes why men are not able to conceive are:

Varicocele – the dilatation of the veins of the scrotum, generating the increase of temperature in the testicles. This affects sperm severely. In most cases, Varicocele can be treated surgically.
The thickness of the seminal fluid influences the sperm quality.
Sperm number, shape and motility can also lead to this situation.
The situation can get worse if the man’s habits include smoking, alcohol, medicine or drug abuse, or if he is exposed to toxins or radiations; of course, it aggravates with aging.

Infertility in women

In women, the most frequent problems regarding conception is related to ovulation. Some other problems can be caused by:

polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) due to hormone imbalance;
endometriosis that can block the Fallopian tubes
abnormalities of the uterus
uterine fibroids

Moreover, it gets more and more difficult for a woman to get pregnant if she has a poor diet, weight problems or sexually transmitted infections. Stress is another huge factor, as well as age, of course.

The best things to do when trying to overcome infertility issues is to be patient, not lose confidence and not panic, so that you can find the best solution for you and your partner.
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Monica Scott, BS, RN
Monica Scott, BS, RN | ConceiveEasy
Ms. Scott joined ConceiveEasy after working in prenatal obstetrical care for two years in a private practice before being promoted to Director of Nursing. She has a strong interest in women's health with an emphasis on promoting fertility awareness.