IVF Drug: 6 Common Drugs Used in In-Vitro

on Sep 05, 2012

by Dr. Renee Hanton, MD

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IVF Drug: 6 Common Drugs Used in In-Vitro

Thinking about in-vitro fertilization? Look at the most common IVF drugs used during the IVF process to understand all the steps involved.

A common form of treatment for women with infertility disorders is IVF (In vitro fertilisation) involving more than one IVF drug. This is a treatment recommended when other classic methods of conceiving have failed. It involves a procedure of stimulating the woman’s ovaries, in order to produce more eggs. The goal is to enable her to produce a viable, strong egg, which will be further fertilized and grow into an IVF pregnancy. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

As part of the treatment, the woman will have to take fertility drugs. Understanding how they work and how they affect the woman’s body is important for understanding the whole IVF procedure.

Here are the six steps of IVF and the medication for them:

Birth control pills

The first step is to take birth control pills to prepare the reproductive system for the coming cycle. They help control the development of follicles.

Gonadotropins drugs

Second step is taking control of the growth of the eggs by using medication, with the purpose to increase the eggs production. Two common drugs are Pergonal and Repronex, both of them being injectable gonadotropins. The medication administrated is daily, once to three times a day and women should be aware of its side effects, such as excess weight and bloating. Fortunately, the extra weight is temporary and, after pregnancy is achieved and the child is born, a healthy woman should easily regain her shape, through diet and exercising.

Ovulation control

Ganirelex is another typical injectable IVF drug, used to avoid the early follicle ovulation. An egg released too early will not fertilize and the follicle will be lost. Too many early follicles jeopardize the whole process. Ganirelex can cause such side effects as itching and swelling.

Harvesting the egg

After proper IVF treatment, the follicles have developed and this is the moment when medication for egg removal procedure is taken. Intramuscular injections with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) should be given at the right time for releasing the egg at its best time.

After harvesting the egg

In this stage of IVF, the patient has to take two kinds of medication, an antibiotic for combating the risk of infection and a steroid to decrease swelling.

Transferring egg to body

After transferring the egg back into the body, the doctors will prescribe an additional drug such as Progesterone, to support the egg for a couple of weeks, since the body will not produce it on its own. It can be injected or administrated via suppositories.

In-vitro is a complicated procedure, with many fertility drugs involved in different stages of the IVF process. If you are suffering from infertility, it is good to know all the steps and all the possible side effects associated with the different IVF drugs used in the process.

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IVF Drug: 6 Common Drugs Used in In-Vitro, 4.9 out of 5 based on 7 ratings

Dr. Renee Hanton is ConceiveEasy's Senior Physician with expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of infertility. Dr. Hanton specializes in the endocrine causes of infertility, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

  • danacook

    I was on the pills for a little over 6 months and I am pregnant!! 

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  • Dr. Renee Hanton, MD

    Congratulations! Now that you are pregnant, I do suggest that you start taking prenatal vitamins and folic acid supplements in order for you to provide your baby with a healthy development. It is also best that you visit you doctor for regular prenatal check-ups in order for you to have a safe and successful pregnancy. In this way, you are ensured that your baby is healthy after delivery.

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  • Fuzzybutterfly

    I am currently in the 2 week waiting period after my embryo transfer. When I started the process I did not know what to expect. I had to take 3 injections per day and I produced extra eggs. My left ovary is always hiding. The only time it was truly visible was during my exam before my exploratory surgery, when the ob/gyn was able to see it during the initial ultra sound and later during the surgery. So they only used the eggs produced from the right ovary. The professor who observes and test the embryo quality at my clinic said that the two embryos that we decided to implant were excellent quality. And everything looked good during implantation. They implanted two and my husband and I were there watching the entire process. The doctor verified the position and there was an air bubble ensuring positioning. The ultrasound confirmed the position. I am not taking Progesterone three times a day using suppositories. My friend mentioned she had to take a progesterone shot. Here are my questions:
    Do the Progesterone suppositories work as well as the injections?
    Is there anything I can be doing to help and promote a successful transfer. We have our next appointment on the 25th or November. And I am nervous but staying calm. I am an engineer so I have decided not to let any stress get to me at work. And I have cut out alcohol, caffeine, raw seafood(sushi), cheese with raw milk( since I live in Europe this is common) and cured meats.
    I take folic acid with other vitamins included with the folic), another vitamin for females and the progesterone suppositories. They implanted two embryos so another question I have are there signs that mean it was not successful earlier on?
    Sorry for the long note but this is important to us as I am sure you know.
    Thanks for any suggestions.

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  • Evelyn

    Am on super fact injection and I saw my period last month 11th up till now no period does it mean am pregnant?

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