What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?

Last updated on Oct 17, 2012

by Dr. Prabha Sahgal, MD

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What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure that isolates fast moving sperm and inserts it directly into the woman’s womb during ovulation.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a medical laboratory procedure which separates fast moving sperm from more shiftless or non-moving sperm. When the fast moving sperm is isolated from the other, it is placed into the woman’s womb at the ovulation time in the middle of the monthly cycle. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

Who needs IUI?

A woman may be recommended IUI if:

Unexplained infertility occurs when trying to conceive
Ovulation problems affect the patient
The male partner confronts premature ejaculation or even impotence
The woman has no known fertility problems, but she doesn’t have a male partner and she is trying to have a baby using donated sperm

Requirements for IUI

Before the IUI process, doctors make sure that patient’s fallopian tubes are open. A part of the assessment made by the fertility clinic is a tubal patency test. The health of the woman’s pelvis and the patency of her fallopian tubes are assessed with laparoscopy or dye testing.

Laparoscopy is a medical procedure which involves a telescope being introduced into the abdomen.

Dye testing is based on the fact that when the tubes and pelvis are healthy, the dye is able to pass freely through both tubes. Any adhesion in the way might prevent the egg accessing to the tubes from the ovaries. This procedure has to be performed under a short general anesthesia.

Both these tests may show you have only one healthy tube open for the egg to come, although both ovaries function normally. IUI treatment is performed when ovulation is about to start, from the ovary located on the same side as the open tube.

Check quality of sperm

Another essential requirement for IUI procedure is the quality of the sperm. There should be no problems regarding this issue in order to have the procedure performed. If the sperm count, sperm motility and morphology scores are low, intrauterine insemination (IUI) is not likely to work.

Chances of pregnancy

The intrauterine insemination procedure, when done properly, should not bother the woman at all, feeling little or no discomfort. For couples confronted with unexplained infertility, with the female aged under 35, who has been trying for 2 years, and the male with normal sperm parameters the chances are 10% per month of pregnancy and delivering a baby with the help of artificial insemination and Clomid treatment for up to 3 cycles (with a lower success rate after the first three attempts).

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What is Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)?, 4.3 out of 5 based on 8 ratings

Dr. Prabha Sahgal MD, is board certified in obstetrics and gynecology and subspecialty board certified in reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Dr. Sahgal holds a B.S. degree from MIT in molecular biology and currently serves on the ConceiveEasy board of directors.

  • SarahdelRosario

    I have been having sex for over year with no condoms or anything. i am a little underweight but its not really anything to worry about im just a tiny girl. i am wondering if maybe i cant have kids? or maybe some tips to get pregnant?

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  • Dr. Prabha Sahgal, MD

     There are a lot of factors to consider when trying to get pregnant. If you guys are trying to conceive, it is best to have a preconception visit to your doctor in order to have you and your partner’s over-all health evaluated to ensure that both of you do not have any ailments that can hinder your pregnancy goals.

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  • Ejiro

    I have taken the Hcg shots, what are my chances of getting pregnant

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  • Maureen Stephens, RN

    You have very good chances of getting pregnant with the aid of hCG shots in such a way that the Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) can stimulate your ovaries to produce and release more eggs. Additionally, hCG shots can trigger your ovulation to occur within 36 to 48 hours thus, improving your likelihood of getting pregnant.

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