9 Most Common Causes of Infertility

9 Most Common Causes of Infertility

Unfortunately, thousands of couples have difficulties in conceiving a baby. Nowadays, infertility is a more and more common problem, due to a stressful and chaotic lifestyle and many couples postponing childbearing until later years. Most of the problems that lead to fertility issues start in adolescence (but not all of them). Let’s see which the most common ones are. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

9 most common causes of infertility:

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

This disorder is usually caused by bacterial infections (Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae) and may progress to scar formations in the woman. Tubal obstruction prevents fertilization. There are many factors that can increase the risk of PID occurrence, but the most important one is related to unsafe sex and multiple partners.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Many sexually transmitted infections seriously affect both male and female genitals. As a result, the sperm may not be strong enough for swimming to the egg and the female organs may not be strong enough for pregnancy. Many of these STDs are effectively able to be treated, so be sure to get a check-up with your doctor if you think this could be an issue.

PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)

This disorder is about an imbalance in hormone production (too much androgen, causing problems in the ovulation process). Fertility treatments for PCOS must be carefully chosen, as they may be dangerous for the woman. Many fertility drugs, both prescribed and over the counter, have been shown to be successful in enabling women to get pregnant with PCOS.

Inappropriate lifestyle

If you have a stressful life, an overwhelming job or you used to smoke, abuse alcohol or even drugs, your chances to get pregnant will be much lower. All of these are prime causes of infertility, so be sure to check your stress levels and curb any bad habits now to help your chances of conception. This applies to both the male and female partners.


Everyone knows that the younger you are, the more fertile you are. However, in today’s day and age, girls aren’t getting married at 14 or 16. Couples are waiting longer to begin their families, after college, careers and travelling. But do realize you should try to begin your family before you reach 35, because your chances to get pregnant when you are older than 35 or 40 are lower and lower with every year that passes. If you are over 35 and you are unsuccessfully trying to get pregnant, seek medical help after only 6 months of trying for possible fertility treatments or drugs to speed the process.

Ovulation disorders

Ovulation disorders, or issues in regular ovulation, are often caused by a starvation diet, too much physical exercise, medication, tumors or injuries.


Endometriosis is uterine tissue growing outside the uterus. This disorder affects many organs that are important if you want to conceive: the Fallopian tubes, uterus and ovaries and is one of the most common causes of infertility in women.

Cancer treatment

Both male and female fertility may be seriously affected if radiation is used for treatment of malign tumors close to the ovaries or testicles. Chemotherapy is also very dangerous in this respect.

General health issues

If you are overweight, too skinny or suffering from a serious illness, then your chances to get pregnant without medical help are low, unless you manage to solve your health problems.

Most of these problems can be partly or completely cured, but you may wish to see a doctor if you want to get pregnant and you think it is possible to suffer from fertility issues.

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Maureen Stephens, BS, RN
Maureen Stephens, BS, RN | ConceiveEasy
Ms. Stephens has spent over twenty years in the healthcare world, specializing in obstretical and medical/surgical nursing. She joined ConceiveEasy as she has a strong interest in educating and empowering women and promoting fertility awareness.