Nowadays there is a various range of fertility tests for women available on the market, but understanding what they do can help you choose the right one for you. After one year of unsuccessfully achieving pregnancy, women need to go through a process of comprehensive physical and medical support. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here
Diagnosing a fertility disorder should start with an appointment with your fertility specialist. He or she will review your medical history, general lifestyle and will approach topics such as menstrual and pregnancy history, birth control use, current sexual practices, surgical history, medications used, as well as your work and living environment. The second step is an elaborate physical exam, including thyroidal area, breasts, and hair growth examination, as well as a pelvic exam and a pap smear.
Female fertility is largely related to ovulation dysfunction. If a woman is not ovulating regularly, then she will find it difficult to get pregnant. Here are the various types of ovulation evaluation.
Ovarian function tests – testing if hormones are functioning during the ovulation cycle.
Ovulation testing – searching the ovulation occurrence, using ovulation predictor kits and looking through temperature charts with blood tests and ultrasound.
Hormone tests: testing the levels of Progesterone, Total Testosterone and Free Testosterone, Luteinizing Hormone, Follicle Stimulating Hormone, DHEAS, Estradiol, Prolactin, Free T3.
Luteal Phase testing – evaluates progesterone levels and sometimes involves an endometrial biopsy.
Once these tests are administered and exhausted, your fertility specialist will also look at other possible causes of infertility, irrelated to ovulation. Below are the most common.
Cervical mucus tests: involves a post coital test (PCT) to determine if the sperm is able to penetrate and survive on its way through the cervical mucus.
Ultrasound tests: assess the thickness of the uterus, monitor follicle development and check the status of the uterus and ovaries.
Here are a few other tests your fertility specialist might run in order to pinpoint the problem, if the above fail to solve the difficulty.
Hysterosalpingogram (HSG): an x-ray of the uterus and fallopian tubes in order to see if there is any kind of blockage or some other problem.
Laparoscopy: done under general anesthesia, it involves the laparoscope to be inserted into the abdomen to view the uterus, the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Hysteroscopy: the hysteroscope is inserted into the uterus through the cervix and allows the doctor to see any abnormalities or scarring in the uterus.
Endometrial biopsy: removing a small amount of tissue from the endometrium just before the menstruation, in order to be examined.
Besides choosing fertility tests for women and make further investigations, you should take into consideration the fact that conceiving is a task for both members of the couple and sometimes men are the source of infertility, so they should do some tests too.