What are the Risks of Taking Fertility Drugs?

What are the Risks of Taking Fertility Drugs?

Infertility is no longer considered a hard to overcome condition, and many people formerly diagnosed with it became parents after following an adequate treatment. Despite the fact that infertility in both men and women can be overcome, the side effects of the various pills and injections available should not be neglected. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

Here is a list of the 5 most common fertility drug risks and treatments they are associated with.

Clomiphene Citrate

Clomiphene citrate is the active substance present in drugs such as Serophene and Clomid, administrated in order to strengthen the ovaries and to stimulate the production of healthy eggs. Although widely used and highly effective, Clomiphene increases the incidence of multiple pregnancies.

Other side effects are hot flashes and excessive ovarian enlargement. Breast tenderness, nausea and headaches can appear with a reduced frequency during the administration of Clomid or Serophene.


Heparin is not one of the fertility drugs in itself, but it is used in many fertility treatments as an adjuvant in the prevention of the thickening of the blood. It is available as injections and it is administered in order to reduce the risk for miscarriage. Its adverse effects include nose bleedings, abundant menstruation and hair loss.

Leuprolide or Leupron

Leuprolide, also known as Leupron, is an all-purpose fertility medicine available as injections and recommended as a treatment during an in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure. Its main effect consists in lowering the level of the estrogen and stimulating the eggs to reach maturity.

For this fertility drug, risks include excessive growth of the facial hair, acne, and, sometimes, pain and hot flashes. More serious complications, such as birth defects, may appear if the medicine is taken during pregnancy.

The Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH)

The Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) is an injection given to women who have a deficiency of this substance, normally secreted by the body on its own. It has the role to stimulate the ovulation process and to help the eggs to become fully mature. The side effects of this type of treatment include sudden shifts of mood and ovarian hyperactivity. Also, you must be prepared for the eventuality of giving birth to twins or triplets.


Bromocriptine plays the role of controlling the secretion of prolactine, a substance that prevents ovulation when produced in excess. The side effects that are usually associated with this type of medication include headaches, nausea and nasal congestion. There are also less frequent cases when the patients experience low blood pressure or fainting.

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Monica Scott, BS, RN
Monica Scott, BS, RN | ConceiveEasy
Ms. Scott joined ConceiveEasy after working in prenatal obstetrical care for two years in a private practice before being promoted to Director of Nursing. She has a strong interest in women's health with an emphasis on promoting fertility awareness.