Complications of Vanishing Twin Syndrome

Complications of Vanishing Twin Syndrome

There are many different complications that could occur during pregnancy. Some of them are common while the others are rare. Among the very rare syndromes is the vanishing twin syndrome. Since it is so rare, it has not been understood properly. As the name suggests, a twin fetus vanishes in early pregnancy in the vanishing twin syndrome. In fact it was discovered only in the year 1945. The fetus gets reabsorbed into the placenta or into the other fetus. This syndrome may occur in twin pregnancies as well as multiple pregnancies. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

Understanding vanishing twin syndrome

You should know as much as possible about this syndrome because it can cause numerous complications. Understanding the troubles it can cause will help you be prepared if such a situation arises. You should talk to your doctor about the complications involved and how you can avoid them. Here are some of the main complications caused by the vanishing twin syndrome:.

Pelvic pain or abdominal cramping

Abdominal cramping can occur even in normal pregnancies but in a vanishing twin syndrome it is more unusual and more painful. It is not just uncomfortable but it is also very troublesome. Other signs of the complication can be mistaken as signs of miscarriage because they are more or less the same. To say it simply, you should visit the doctor if you feel abdominal cramping or pelvic pain immediately. Delaying can make matters worse for you.

Vaginal bleeding

Spotting occurs in the early pregnancy days while the fertilized egg is implanted. But such spotting is only light bleeding and is short-lived. In case of the vanishing twin syndrome, the bleeding will be unusual and you will see some blood in the toilet paper after you wipe or in your underwear. If you see such bleeding, you should report to the doctor immediately so that he conducts a complete examination to know what it going on.

Preterm delivery

It has been noticed that under vanishing twin syndrome, preterm deliveries as more common. The pregnant mothers usually deliver the remaining child or children before hitting the 28th week of gestation. Such early deliveries can risk your child’s life. Development problem risks and cognitive defect risks are higher in this case. The risk of cerebral palsy is also higher especially if the syndrome is diagnosed later in the pregnancy.

Low birth weight

The birth weight of infants born to mothers diagnosed with vanishing twin syndrome is usually less. These babies can suffer with bleeding in the brain, respiratory problems, and other such severe complications. Your baby can also develop type II diabetes or heart disease in the later stages of his life.

Don’t take lightly

You can see that the vanishing twin syndrome is definitely not something that you should take lightly. If you experience any of the symptoms enumerated above such as pelvic pain, abdominal cramping, vaginal bleeding, and so on, the safest thing to do would be to let the doctor know as soon as possible. Take the symptoms seriously because any carelessness could result in the death of your remaining child.

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Monica Scott, BS, RN
Monica Scott, BS, RN | ConceiveEasy
Ms. Scott joined ConceiveEasy after working in prenatal obstetrical care for two years in a private practice before being promoted to Director of Nursing. She has a strong interest in women's health with an emphasis on promoting fertility awareness.