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Birth defects form when a baby is born and result in mental or physical disabilities. They are also the leading cause of infant deaths during the first year of life. There are many things that can cause birth defects to occur. For example, they can be caused by issues with the chromosomes, genetic problems or even with environmental factors. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here
There are also a couple of different types of birth defects; structural and functional. A structural defect occurs when there are actual physical issues with a body part. Some of the most common structural defects are cleft lip or palate, club foot, spina bifida and missing valves in the heart.
Functional birth defects, on the other hand affect the way that a portion of the body works. This could mean that certain developmental disabilities will surface. For example, a baby may have degenerative disorders, sensory problems, nervous system issues or a number of other problems.
While some birth defects can be correct, other cannot. It is also possible for a child to suffer lifelong problems in relation to their birth defect or to not live very long after they are born. To help parents learn what their options are for their children, there are screenings and tests available to determine if a birth defect is a possibility.