Blocked Fallopian Tubes Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

on Aug 09, 2012

by Prabha Sahgal, MD

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Blocked Fallopian Tubes Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

In 20% of cases of female infertility, blocked fallopian tubes are the culprit. Find out how to diagnose this problem, its causes, treatments and means of prevention.

One of the major causes of infertility is fallopian tube obstruction. The fallopian tubes are the uterine tubes where fertilization occurs. When they are blocked, the sperm and the egg cannot meet, thus, the egg cannot be fertilized. In fact, blocking the fallopian tubes is sometimes used as a contraceptive method. However, this is a permanent procedure and method of birth control, and is usually chosen by women who already have children. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

Cause of female infertility

Unfortunately, fallopian tube obstruction is the cause of infertility in 20% of the cases. Many times, women who want to become pregnant are unaware that they suffer from this health condition, because there are no obvious symptoms. This disorder has different causes, and treatments are available for most of them. The fastest solution remains in vitro fertilization. Because fertilization cannot occur normally, the egg is removed and fertilized outside the body, after which the embryo is placed in the uterus.

Causes of blocked fallopian tubes

One of the most common causes of blocked fallopian tubes is an infection. Sometimes, the STD Chlamydia trachomatis can cause distal tube obstruction. Other possible causes are endometritis, appendicitis or peritonitis. Fallopian tube obstruction is also associated with HIV infection.

How to diagnose

Women with infertility problems who have suffered from pelvic inflammatory disease could suspect fallopian tube obstruction. There are different tests they could have to diagnose a fallopian tube problem. Because Chlamydia is often the cause of blocked fallopian tubes, testing for this disease is one of the simplest and most affordable methods that could suggest tube obstruction. Sonography might also hint to a fallopian tube problem, and through surgery (laparoscopy), the obstruction of the tubes can be diagnosed. Another evaluative method is hysterosalpingogram.

Treatments for blocked fallopian tubes

When it comes to treating blocked fallopian tubes, the traditional solution is tubal surgery. However, surgery is invasive and has several possible side-effects, one of the most common one being the risk of developing ectopic pregnancies. A less invasive and more affordable solution in cases of fallopian tube obstruction is in vitro fertilization, or IVF. Nowadays, most women who suffer from blocked fallopian tubes choose IVF instead of surgery. IVF is safe and effective, and offers women with infertility problems a very easy solution to conceive. However, in case the obstruction of the fallopian tubes is associated with hydrosalpinx formation (fluid filling a blocked fallopian tube), the success rate of IVF is smaller, so doctors recommend treating hydrosalpinx before having IVF.

How to prevent

A good method of prevention is protection against sexually transmitted diseases. Also, immediate treatment of a pelvic inflammatory disease could prevent blocked fallopian tubes. Women who want to have a baby should watch out for the signs that indicate a fallopian tube obstruction and start getting treated as soon as the problem is diagnosed.

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Blocked Fallopian Tubes Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment, 3.7 out of 5 based on 21 ratings

Dr. Prabha Sahgal MD, is board certified in obstetrics and gynecology and subspecialty board certified in reproductive endocrinology and infertility. Dr. Sahgal holds a B.S. degree from MIT in molecular biology and currently serves on the ConceiveEasy board of directors.

Related posts:

  1. Get Pregnant With Blocked Fallopian Tubes
  2. Infertility Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment
  3. Unexplained Infertility: Diagnosis, Cause & Treatment
  4. Endometriosis Infertility and Treatment
  • Dr. Christine Lee, MD

    Conceiving is still possible given that one tube is still healthy and properly functioning. Breast tenderness can be a sign of early pregnancy or could be pre-menstrual symptoms. You can take a pregnancy test two weeks after you miss your period for reliable results.

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  • Ajay singh

    got discovered that both tube are blocked (distal blockege). is there any way to open the tube without surgery..pls suggest

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  • shuga

    I did hsg last april and i was told my left fallopian tube is block,what are my chances of getting pregnant with one fallopian tube?having b trying to get pregnant for 3month nw

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  • mani

    block in left side tube what to do get pregnant

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  • Nene

    I’m 47 years old. I have fallopian tunes blocked I did 3 IVF was not successful. What are my chances.

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  • lalita.d

    iam 32 my one fellopian tube is blocked other cannot be seen
    left kidney failure,small bladder with low capacity
    done ivf,but failure.
    can i get pregnant,pls help

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  • Ivory Zeigler

    My tubes are blocked can I have them Removed

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  • Fatty

    I am trying to get pregnant almost for 1.5 years. I have 7 year old boy and I am trying for another one. I had HSG and diagnosed that my one tube is blocked . My first pregnancy I conceive naturally and hab viginal birth , then We use condom to protect from pregnancy . What should I do now

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  • Fisayo

    pls i need solution, i had miscarriage and the doctor did evacuation
    for me in April, and after 5 days of the evacuation i had my menstrual
    period for like 2-3 days but since then my menstruation has ceased and i
    went to the doctor i was diagnosed that am actually menstruating but my
    womb is blocked, and i dont want to undergo any surgery again. What can
    i do.

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  • Laxmi

    Hi Doctors, I am a 34 yrs old women with 13 yrs old child, I have been single mother for last 13 yrs and recently got married and we would like to have another 2 kids or at least 1. my husband is 48.
    Recently I have gone through the checkup , and my hysterosalpingography report state as below:
    * Interstitial block of right Fallopian tube.
    *Hydrosalpinx of left Fallopian tube with infundibular block.
    *No peritoneal spillage of contrast seen from any of the tube.
    I am confused and seek your help and suggestions;

    Can i conceive through IVF without having done surgery?haw many time I can conceive /get pregnant by IVF?
    Will these blockage and the fluid seen collected in my Fallopian will effect my health causing suffer in long term in life ahead?
    If the surgery is the only option, after how long I can conceive and get pregnant after the surgery with no risk ?
    Waiting desperately to hear from you and Your help will be highly appreciated.
    laxmi /Rana

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  • priya

    I am Priya. I am 27 years old. i had premarital sex for about 2 and a half years where i aborted twice. now i got married and fail to get pregnant. Doctors say my Fallopian tube is blocked and cannot be treated and they are even damaged. Please help me in overcoming this. I cannot even share these issues with my husband.

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