Male Fertility Drugs
on Sep 07, 2012
by Dr. Renee Hanton, MD
Find out the top male fertility drugs prescribed by doctors to help boost male fertility, by increasing testosterone levels, improving sperm count and sperm motility.
Fertility medication for men is used to increase semen quality, semen count and semen motility, and to treat male hormonal imbalances, such as those related to the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland. Prior to a specific diagnosis, a thorough medical examination and semen analysis is required in order to determine the cause of impaired male fertility. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here
It is not unusual for the fertility expert to prescribe for semen production the same drugs that are prescribed to stimulate ovulation. For men, fertility medication is mostly used in situations where the main cause of impaired male fertility is triggered by a hormonal imbalance. The 3 most effective male fertility drugs are the following:
Antiestrogen drugs such as Clomiphene citrate (Clomid) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator, used in the treatment of secondary male hypogonadism, designating decreased testicular function; it is preferred to testosterone injections due to its affordability and convenience (one pill per day for 3 months). This medication is the most common fertility drug for women too. By stimulating the production of the luteinizing hormone and the follicle-stimulating hormone, it increases the production of testosterone and semen and thus enhances the chances of conceiving.
Human menopausal gonadotropin is another common treatment for adjusting abnormal hormonal levels in men. It is usually combined with human chorionic gonadotropin injections for better results. It works by stimulating the production of testosterone – the male hormone responsible for semen production – and by improving conditions like low sperm count.
Testosterone pills, injections or gel – these synthetic hormones work by replenishing the low level of natural testosterone. The preferred form is the gel or patch, which provide an optimum hormone level and are safer than the pill form, having fewer side effects.
Other useful prescribed medications for male fertility problems include: bromocriptine, which corrects the excessive level of prolactin in men, antibiotics and antifungal drugs, for infections and fungi of the reproductive system, and drugs for erectile dysfunctions and premature ejaculation, depending on the underlying problem.
While male fertility drugs are not as effective on enhancing the chances to conceive as female fertility drugs, they need to be taken into consideration as well, depending on the specific problem the man has. For instance, the medical condition called retrograde ejaculation can benefit from a non-hormonal treatment called imipramine, which reverts the abnormal ejaculation of the sperm from the bladder back to the penis.
Boosting male fertility can also be achieved with the aid of vitamin and mineral supplementation, in particular vitamin E and C, zinc and selenium and with amino-acid supplements like L-Carnitine and L-arginine. Natural non-prescription herbal remedies should also be considered, such as maca root and dong quai extracts.
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Dr. Renee Hanton is ConceiveEasy's Senior Physician with expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of infertility. Dr. Hanton specializes in the endocrine causes of infertility, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)